A second randomised controlled trial (RCT) officially began in Tanzania in May 2022, but this time, with 144 participants and with two trial groups (one intervention and one control). They were recruited from the same four villages as the previous RCT. These villages are: Kivukoni, Minepa, Mavimba and Milola.
Each participant received a:
• budget smartphone using our Mozzwear application (mosquito sensor)
• new SIM card for the sensor
• guidance booklet on how to use the sensor when it comes to recording and uploading mosquito sound data
• new mosquito HumBug bed net with a pocket where the mosquito sensor will be placed
• wooden ‘T’ structure that holds bed nets
The main aim of the second RCT is to explore whether the provision of monetary incentive (in the form of airtime credit), which is provided via a mobile money company, will encourage people in local communities to collect mosquito sound data using the Humbug sensor over a long period of time.
The study requires each participant to switch on the sensor before getting into bed, before they go to sleep, and to turn it off the next morning and upload the recorded data. All participants have been asked to record and upload mosquito sound data once a week for three months. Participants in the monetary incentive trial group will receive airtime as incentive at the end of each month.
Focus group discussions (FGDs) and randomisation ceremonies with community members have been conducted. We recruited 36 participants from each of the four villages, with 18 participants being allocated to each of the two trial groups. Therefore, 72 participants are in the control group and the other 72 participants are in the airtime incentive group.